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Spelling plurals

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What is a 'plural'?

A plural is simple more than one of something. For example, the word shop describes just one shop, whereas the word shops describes more than one shop. 'Shops' is the plural of 'shop'.

Most words form plurals simply by adding an 's' on the end.

For example:

Pen = pens

Spoon = spoons

However, there are a couple of other types of plurals.

Words ending in 's', 'sh', 'ch' or 'x' are made into plurals by adding 'es' to the end.

For example:

kiss = kisses

dish = dishes

church = churches

axe = axes

Words ending in 'f' or 'fe' also have a different plural rule. These words should have a 'ves' added in place of the 'f' or 'fe'.

For example:

Elf = elves

Shelf = shelves

Life =lives

Activity: Practicing plurals - 10 minutes

1. Make the following words into plurals using the rules explained above.

2. Compare your answers to the ones shown below.

3. If you have misspelt any of your answers, have another look at that particular plural rule.

anorak glass torch penknife gearbox plug thief scarf brush pirate scratch
minx loss mountain beach dish shelf prefix midwife inchworm dwarf
How did you do?

When you have finished this activity, you can check your answers here.

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