hypothalamusmedical dictionary

<anatomy, endocrinology> A portion of the brain which lies beneath the thalamus and secretes substances which control metabolism by exerting an influence on pituitary gland function.

The hypothalamus is also involved in the regulation of body temperature, water balance, blood sugar and fat metabolism. The hypothalamus also regulates other glands such as the ovaries, parathyroids and thyroid.

(11 Jan 1998)