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How to reference

Good referencing technique

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Good referencing technique means not just knowing how to write citations and references, but also knowing when you need to reference. Developing a good referencing technique requires you to have a plagiarism avoidance strategy, manage your references, know what and when you need to reference, and know how to compile a full and correct bibliography or list of references. All these things are covered on the following pages.

Whatever referencing system you need to use, you'll find some helpful resources on the Internet. The activities below introduce you to a couple of good quality guides to referencing.

Activity: how do I write citations and references? - 5 minutes

How you write citations and references will depend on the referencing style you've been instructed to use. This activity is based around the Harvard referencing system as this is one of the most commonly used referencing styles. If you've been asked to use a different referencing system, search the Internet for guides on how to use this style, or ask a university librarian or your tutor.

1. Explore the University of South Australia: Harvard Referencing Guide this guide has a number of useful modules on using the Harvard system. There's an annotated essay which explains how to write correct in-text citations too.

Activity: when do I need to reference? - 5 minutes

Knowing what and when to reference is really quite straightforward: you must reference everything that you didn't produce - this could be an idea, thought, piece of text, photograph, graph... or anything that is the work of someone else.

1. Try working through the Newcastle University Referencing Tutorial. This tutorial will help you work out when you need to reference, and when you don't.

Recommended Further Reading

On the next page, you'll locate some good tutorials to help you manage your references.

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