A disease with which sheep are sometimes affected; gid; sturdy. See Gid.

(01 Mar 1998)

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1. <botany> A plant of the genus Heliotropium; heliotrope; so named because its flowers are supposed to turn toward the sun. The sunflower.

A kind of spurge (Euphorbia Helioscopia).

The euphorbiaceous plant Chrozophora tinctoria.

2. <chemistry> Litmus. A purple dye obtained from the plant turnsole. See def. 1 .

Origin: F. Tournesol, It. Tornasole; tornare to turn (LL. Tornare) + sole the sun, L. Sol. See Turn, Solar, and cf. Heliotrope

Alternative forms: turnsol.

(01 Mar 1998)

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1. One who turns a spit; hence, a person engaged in some menial office. "His lordship is his majesty's turnspit." (Burke)

2. <zoology> A small breed of dogs having a long body and short crooked legs. These dogs were formerly much used for turning a spit on which meat was roasting.

(01 Mar 1998)

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<ornithology> Any species of limicoline birds of the genera Strepsilas and Arenaria, allied to the plovers, especially the common American and European species (Strepsilas interpres). They are so called from their habit of turning up small stones in search of mollusks and other aquatic animals. Called also brant bird, sand runner, sea quail, sea lark, sparkback, and skirlcrake. Black turnstone, the California turnstone (Arenaria melanocephala). The adult in summer is mostly black, except some white streaks on the chest and forehead, and two white loral spots.

(01 Mar 1998)

turnpike, turn-sick, turnsole, turnspit < Prev | Next > turnus, turonian, TURP, turpentine

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