1. Lifted up; high in place; exalted aloft; uplifted; lofty. "Sublime on these a tower of steel is reared." (Dryden)

2. Distinguished by lofty or noble traits; eminent; said of persons. "The sublime Julian leader."

3. Awakening or expressing the emotion of awe, adoration, veneration, heroic resolve, etc.; dignified; grand; solemn; stately; said of an impressive object in nature, of an action, of a discourse, of a work of art, of a spectacle, etc.; as, sublime scenery; a sublime deed. "Easy in words thy style, in sense sublime." (Prior) "Know how sublime a thing it is To suffer and be strong." (Longfellow)

4. Elevated by joy; elate. "Their hearts were jocund and sublime, Drunk with idolatry, drunk with wine." (Milton)

5. Lofty of mien; haughty; proud. "Countenance sublime and insolent." "His fair, large front and eye sublime declared Absolute rule." (Milton)

Synonyms: Exalted, lofty, noble, majestic. See Grand.

Origin: L. Sublimis; sub under + (perhaps) a word akin to limen lintel, sill, thus meaning, up to the lintel: cf. F. Sublime. Cf. Eliminate.

1. To raise on high. "A soul sublimed by an idea above the region of vanity and conceit." (E. P. Whipple)

2. <chemistry> To subject to the process of sublimation; to heat, volatilize, and condense in crystals or powder; to distill off, and condense in solid form; hence, also, to purify.

3. To exalt; to heighten; to improve; to purify. "The sun . . . Which not alone the southern wit sublimes, But ripens spirits in cold, northern climes." (Pope)

4. To dignify; to ennoble. "An ordinary gift can not sublime a person to a supernatural employment." (Jer. Taylor)

Origin: Cf. L. Sublimare, F. Sublimer to subject to sublimation. See Sublime, and cf. Sublimate.

<chemistry> To pass off in vapor, with immediate condensation; specifically, to evaporate or volatilize from the solid state without apparent melting; said of those substances, like arsenic, benzoic acid, etc, which do not exhibit a liquid form on heating, except under increased pressure.

(01 Mar 1998)