1. Having active physical power, or great physical power to act; having a power of exerting great bodily force; vigorous. "That our oxen may be strong to labour." (Ps. Cxliv. 14) "Orses the strong to greater strength must yield." (Dryden)
8. Adapted to make a deep or effectual impression on the mind or imagination; striking or superior of the kind; powerful; forcible; cogent; as, a strong argument; strong reasons; strong evidence; a strong example; strong language.
16. Having great force, vigor, power, or the like, as the mind, intellect, or any faculty; as, a man of a strong mind, memory, judgment, or imagination. "I was stronger in prophecy than in criticism." (Dryden)
19. Pertaining to, or designating, a verb which forms its preterit (imperfect) by a variation in the root vowel, and the past participle (usually) by the addition of -en (with or without a change of the root vowel); as in the verbs strive, strove, striven; break, broke, broken; drink, drank, drunk. Opposed to weak, or regular. See Weak. Applied to forms in Anglo-Saxon, etc, which retain the old declensional endings. In the Teutonic languages the vowel stems have held the original endings most firmly, and are called strong; the stems in -n are called weak other constant stems conform, or are irregular. Strong conjugation, the conjugation of a strong verb; called also old, or irregular, conjugation, and distinguished from the weak, or regular, conjugation.
Strong is often used in the formation of self-explaining compounds; as, strong-backed, strong-based, strong-bodied, strong-coloured, strong-fisted, strong-handed, strong-ribbed, strong-smelling, strong-voiced, etc.
Origin: AS. Strang, strong; akin to D. & G. Streng strict, rigorous, OHG. Strengi strong, brave, harsh, Icel. Strangr strong, severe, Dan. Streng, Sw. Strang strict, severe. Cf. Strength, Stretch, String.
(01 Mar 1998)
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