1. To excite as if with a goad; to excite, rouse, or animate, to action or more vigorous exertion by some pungent motive or by persuasion; as, to stimulate one by the hope of reward, or by the prospect of glory. "To excite and stimulate us thereunto." (Dr. J. Scott)

2. <physiology> To excite; to irritate; especially, to excite the activity of (a nerve or an irritable muscle), as by electricity.

Synonyms: To animate, incite, encourage, impel, urge, instigate, irritate, exasperate, incense.

Origin: L. Stimulatus, p.p. Of stimulare to prick or goad on, to incite, fr. Stimulus a goad. See Stimulus.

(01 Mar 1998)

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