4. Insufficiently provided; inadequately supplied; scantily furnished; lacking; not coming up to a resonable, or the ordinary, standard; usually with of; as, to be short of money. "We shall be short in our provision." (Shak)
6. Not distant in time; near at hand. "Marinell was sore offended That his departure thence should be so short." (Spenser) "He commanded those who were appointed to attend him to be ready by a short day." (Clarendon)
10. Breaking or crumbling readily in the mouth; crisp; as, short pastry.
11. <chemistry> Brittle.
Metals that are brittle when hot are called ot-short; as, cast iron may be hot-short, owing to the presence of sulphur. Those that are brittle when cold are called cold-short; as, cast iron may be cold-short, on account of the presence of phosphorus.
13. Not prolonged, or relatively less prolonged, in utterance; opposed to long, and applied to vowels or to syllables. In English, the long and short of the same letter are not, in most cases, the long and short of the same sound; thus, the i in ill is the short sound, not of i in isle, but of ee in eel, and the e in pet is the short sound of a in pate, etc. See Quantity, and Guide to Pronunciation, 22.
Short is much used with participles to form numerous self-explaining compounds; as, short-armed, short-billed, short-fingered, short-haired, short-necked, short-sleeved, short-tailed, short-winged, short-wooled, etc. at short notice, in a brief time; promptly. Short rib, any suit having only three cards, or less than three. To come short, To cut short, To fall short, etc. See Come, Cut, etc.
Origin: OE. Short, schort, AS. Scort, sceort; akin to OHG. Scurz, Icel. Skorta to be short of, to lack, and perhaps to E. Shear, v. T. Cf. Shirt.
(01 Mar 1998)
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