1. To place in a fixed or permanent condition; to make firm, steady, or stable; to establish; to fix; especially, to establish in life; to fix in business, in a home, or the like. "And he settled his countenance steadfastly upon him, until he was ashamed." (2 Kings viii. 11. (Rev. Ver)) "The father thought the time drew on Of setting in the world his only son." (Dryden)
3. To cause to be no longer in a disturbed condition; to render quiet; to still; to calm; to compose. "God settled then the huge whale-bearing lake." (Chapman) "Hoping that sleep might settle his brains." (Bunyan)
7. To determine, as something which is exposed to doubt or question; to free from unscertainty or wavering; to make sure, firm, or constant; to establish; to compose; to quiet; as, to settle the mind when agitated; to settle questions of law; to settle the succession to a throne; to settle an allowance. "It will settle the wavering, and confirm the doubtful." (Swift)
10. Hence, to pay; as, to settle a bill.
11. To plant with inhabitants; to colonize; to people; as, the French first settled Canada; the Puritans settled new England; Plymouth was settled in 1620. To settle on or upon, to confer upon by permanent grant; to assure to. "I . . . Have settled upon him a good annuity." . To settle the land, to cause it to sink, or appear lower, by receding from it.
Origin: OE. Setlen, AS. Setlan. See Settle, In senses 7, 8, and 9 perhaps confused with OE. Sahtlen to reconcile, AS. Sahtlian, fr. Saht reconciliation, sacon to contend, dispute. Cf. Sake.
(01 Mar 1998)
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