<prefix>

<anatomy> A combining form or prefix meaning relating to the stomach, or belly; as in gastrocolic, gastrocele, gastrotomy.

(29 Oct 1998)

gastroacephalusmedical dictionary

<embryology> Unequal conjoined twins in which an acephalous parasite is attached to the abdomen of the autosite.

See: conjoined twins.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. A-priv. + kephale, head

(05 Mar 2000)

gastroadenitismedical dictionary

Preferred term: gastradenitis

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gastroalbumorrhoeamedical dictionary

Loss of albumin into the stomach.

Origin: Gastro-+ albumin, + G. Rhoia, flow

American spelling: gastroalbumorrhea

(05 Mar 2000)

gastroamorphusmedical dictionary

An included amorphous parasitic twin within the abdomen of the autosite.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Amorphos, unshapely

(05 Mar 2000)

gastroanastomosismedical dictionary

Anastomosis of the cardiac and antral segments of the stomach, for relief from marked hour-glass contraction of the stomach.

Synonyms: gastrogastrostomy.

(05 Mar 2000)

gastroatoniamedical dictionary

An obsolete term for loss of tone in the stomach musculature.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Atonia, languor

(05 Mar 2000)

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gastroblennorrhoeamedical dictionary

Excessive proliferation of mucus by the stomach.

Origin: Gastro-+ blennorrhoea

American spelling: gastroblennorrhea

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrocardiacmedical dictionary

Relating to both the stomach and the heart.

(05 Mar 2000)

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gastrocardiac syndromemedical dictionary

<syndrome>

Disturbances of the heart's action due to faulty action of the digestive system, especially of the stomach.

(05 Mar 2000)

Hernia of a portion of the stomach.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Kele, hernia

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrochronorrhoeamedical dictionary

Excessive continuous gastric secretion.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Chronos, time (chronic), + rhoia, a flow

American spelling: gastrochronorrhea

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrocnemiusmedical dictionary

<anatomy, muscle> Origin, by two heads (lateral and medial) from the lateral and medial condyles of the femur; insertion, with soleus by tendo calcaneus into lower half of posterior surface of calcaneus; action, plantar flexion of foot; nerve supply, tibial.

Synonyms: musculus gastrocnemius, gastrocnemius.

(05 Mar 2000)

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<anatomy> Pertaining to both the stomach and the colon; as, the gastrocolic, or great, omentum.

Origin: Gastro- + colic.

(01 Mar 1998)

gastrocolic fistulamedical dictionary

A fistulous communication between the stomach and the colon.

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrocolic ligamentmedical dictionary

<anatomy> The major, apron-like portion of the greater omentum that extends between the stomach and the transverse colon.

Synonyms: ligamentum gastrocolicum.

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrocolic omentummedical dictionary

Preferred term: greater omentum

gastrocolic reflexmedical dictionary

A mass movement of the contents of the colon, frequently preceded by a similar movement in the small intestine, that sometimes occurs immediately following the entrance of food into the stomach.

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrocolitismedical dictionary

Inflammation of both stomach and colon.

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrocoloptosismedical dictionary

Displacement downward of stomach and colon.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Kolon, colon, + ptosis, a falling

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrocolostomymedical dictionary

<procedure>

<surgery> Establishment of a communication between stomach and colon.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Kolon, colon, + stoma, mouth

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrocutaneous fistulamedical dictionary

A fistula between the stomach and the skin.

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrocystoplastymedical dictionary

<procedure>

Augmentation of the bladder by a patch or piece of vascularised gastric tissue.

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrodialysismedical dictionary

Dialysis across the mucous membrane of the stomach.

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrodiaphragmatic ligamentmedical dictionary

<anatomy>

Preferred term: gastrophrenic ligament

<biology> That part of blastoderm where the hypoblast appears like a small disk on the inner face of the epibladst.

Origin: Gastro- + disc.

(01 Mar 1998)

Gastrodiscoides hominismedical dictionary

A species of trematode sometimes found in the intestinal canal of man in India, Southeast Asia, and China; its normal host is the pig.

Synonyms: Gastrodiscus hominis.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Diskos, disk; L. Homo, gen. Hominis, man

(05 Mar 2000)

Gastrodiscus hominismedical dictionary

Preferred term: gastrodiscoides hominis

gastroduodenalmedical dictionary

<anatomy> Pertaining to or communicating with the stomach and duodenum, as a gastroduodenal fistula.

(11 Mar 2008)

gastroduodenal arterymedical dictionary
gastroduodenal fistulamedical dictionary

An abnormal opening between the stomach and the duodenum.

(05 Mar 2000)

gastroduodenal lymph nodesmedical dictionary

Preferred term: pyloric lymph nodes

gastroduodenal orificemedical dictionary

Preferred term: pyloric orifice

gastroduodenitismedical dictionary

<medicine> Inflammation of the stomach and duodenum. It is one of the most frequent causes of jaundice.

Origin: NL. See Gastroduodenal, and -itis.

(01 Mar 1998)

gastroduodenoscopymedical dictionary

<procedure>

Visualization of the interior of the stomach and duodenum by a gastroscope.

Origin: Gastro-+ duodenum, + G. Skopeo, to view

(05 Mar 2000)

gastroduodenostomymedical dictionary

<procedure>

<surgery> A surgical procedure where the doctor creates a new connection between the stomach and the duodenum. This procedure may be performed in cases of stomach cancer or in the case of a malfunctioning pyloric valve.

(27 Sep 1997)

<symptom>

Synonyms: stomach ache.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Odyne, pain

(05 Mar 2000)

gastroelytrotomymedical dictionary

<procedure>

<surgery> The operation of cutting into the upper part of the vagina, through the abdomen (without opening the peritoneum), for the purpose of removing a foetus. It is a substitute for the Caesarean operation, and less dangerous.

Origin: Gastro- + Gr sheath + a cutting.

(01 Mar 1998)

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gastroentericmedical dictionary

<anatomy>

Preferred term: gastrointestinal

gastroenteritismedical dictionary

<gastroenterology, pathology> An acute inflammation of the lining of the stomach and intestines, characterised by anorexia, nausea, diarrhoea, abdominal pain and weakness, which has various causes, including food poisoning due to infection with such organisms as Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella species, consumption of irritating food or drink or psychological factors such as anger, stress and fear.

Synonyms: enterogastritis.

(11 Mar 2008)

gastroenteritis, transmissible, of swinemedical dictionary

A condition of chronic gastroenteritis in adult pigs and fatal gastroenteritis in piglets caused by a coronavirus.

(12 Dec 1998)

gastroenteritis virus, murinemedical dictionary

A species of the coronavirus genus causing hepatitis in mice. Four strains have been identified as mhv 1, mhv 2, mhv 3, and mhv 4 (also known as jhm, which is neurotropic and causes disseminated encephalomyelitis with demyelination as well as focal liver necrosis).

(12 Dec 1998)

gastroenteritis virus, porcine transmissiblemedical dictionary

A species of coronavirus causing a fatal disease to pigs under 3 weeks old.

(12 Dec 1998)

gastroenteritis virus type Amedical dictionary
gastroenteritis virus type Bmedical dictionary

Preferred term: rotavirus

gastroenteroanastomosismedical dictionary

Preferred term: gastroenterostomy

gastroenterocolitismedical dictionary

Inflammatory disease involving the stomach and intestines.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Enteron, intestine, + kolon, colon, + -itis, inflammation

(05 Mar 2000)

gastroenterocolostomymedical dictionary

<procedure>

<surgery> Formation of direct communication between the stomach and the large and small intestines.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Enteron, intestine, + kolon, colon + stoma, mouth

(05 Mar 2000)

gastroenterologistmedical dictionary

<specialist>

A medically qualified specialist in internal medicine who has subspecialised in the diseases of the digestive system, including the liver.

(16 Dec 1997)

gastroenterologymedical dictionary

<study>

The diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders affecting the stomach, intestines, and associated organs.

(09 Oct 1997)

gastroenteropathymedical dictionary

Any disorder of the alimentary canal.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Enteron, intestine, + pathos, suffering

(05 Mar 2000)

gastroenteroplastymedical dictionary

<procedure>

Operative repair of defects in the stomach and intestine.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Enteron, intestine, + plasso, to form

(05 Mar 2000)

gastroenteroptosismedical dictionary

Downward displacement of the stomach and a portion of the intestine.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Enteron, intestine, + ptosis, a falling

(05 Mar 2000)

gastroenterostomymedical dictionary

<procedure>

<surgery> A surgical procedure where the stomach in surgically connected to the small intestine. This may be performed in cases of obstructing cancers (for example pyloric carcinoma) of the gastrointestinal tract.

(27 Sep 1997)

gastroenterotomymedical dictionary

<procedure>

<surgery> Section into both stomach and intestine.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Enteron, intestine, + tome, incision

(05 Mar 2000)

gastroepiploicmedical dictionary

<anatomy> Of or pertaining to the stomach and omentum.

Origin: Gastro- + -epiploic.

(01 Mar 1998)

gastroepiploic arteriesmedical dictionary

Arteries which supply the stomach and greater omentum as the course along the greater curvature of the stomach.

See: left gastroepiploic artery, right gastroepiploic artery.

Synonyms: gastro-omental arteries.

(05 Mar 2000)

gastroepiploic veinsmedical dictionary
gastrogastrostomymedical dictionary

Preferred term: gastroanastomosis

gastrogavagemedical dictionary

Preferred term: gavage

Deriving from or caused by the stomach.

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrogenous diarrhoeamedical dictionary

<gastroenterology> A diarrhoea that may occur in achylia gastrica, or that is caused by excess secretion of gastric and other intestinal juices.

American spelling: gastrogenous diarrhea

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrografin swallowmedical dictionary

You have spelt this word correctly and it exists in the medical dictionary, but we have no definition for it yet. Please do suggest it for inclusion, or supply a suitable definition via the community pages.

<instrument>

An instrument for recording graphically the movements of the stomach.

Synonyms: gastrokinesograph.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Graphe, a writing

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrohepaticmedical dictionary

<medicine> Pertaining to the stomach and liver; hepatogastric; as, the gastrohepatic, or lesser, omentum.

Origin: Gastro- + -hepatic.

(01 Mar 1998)

gastrohepatic omentummedical dictionary

Preferred term: lesser omentum

gastrohydrorrhoeamedical dictionary

<gastroenterology> Excretion into the stomach of a large amount of watery fluid containing neither hydrochloric acid, chymosin nor pepsin ferments.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Hydor, water, + rhoia, a flow

American spelling: gastrohydrorrhea

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrohysterotomymedical dictionary

<procedure>

<surgery> Caesarean section. See Caesarean.

Origin: Gastro- + GR. Womb + to cut.

(01 Mar 1998)

gastroileac reflexmedical dictionary

Opening of the ileocolic valve induced by entrance of food into the stomach.

(05 Mar 2000)

gastroileitismedical dictionary

Inflammation of the alimentary canal in which the stomach and ileum are primarily involved.

(05 Mar 2000)

gastroileostomymedical dictionary

<procedure>

<surgery> A surgical joining of stomach to ileum; a technical error in which the ileum instead of jejunum is selected for the site of a gastrojejunostomy.

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrointestinalmedical dictionary

<anatomy> Pertaining to or communicating with the stomach and intestine, as a gastrointestinal fistula.

Abbreviation: GI

(11 Mar 2008)

gastrointestinal agentsmedical dictionary

Drugs used for their effects on the gastrointestinal system, as to control gastric acidity, regulate gastrointestinal motility and water flow, and improve digestion.

(12 Dec 1998)

gastrointestinal bleedingmedical dictionary

<gastroenterology> This describes any bleeding that may occur along the course of the gastrointestinal tract.

This includes bleeding from the oesophagus, stomach, duodenum, small intestine, large intestine, rectum or anus.

(12 Jan 1998)

gastrointestinal contentsmedical dictionary

The residue of ingested substances in the gastrointestinal tract. Excludes natural secretions and feces.

(12 Dec 1998)

gastrointestinal fistulamedical dictionary

A fistulous tract connecting the stomach with the intestine.

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrointestinal haemorrhagemedical dictionary

Bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract.

American spelling: gastrointestinal hemorrhage

(12 Dec 1998)

gastrointestinal hormonemedical dictionary

<endocrinology> A general term for any hormone which is secreted by some part of the digestive system for the purpose of aiding digestion. For example: gastrin.

(09 Oct 1997)

gastrointestinal hormonesmedical dictionary

Hormones that originate in and regulate motor and secretory activity of the digestive organs.

(12 Dec 1998)

gastrointestinal tractmedical dictionary

<anatomy> The gastrointestinal tract starts from the oral cavity and proceeds to the oesophagus, stomach, duodenum, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and anus.

(12 Jan 1998)

gastrointestinal transitmedical dictionary

Passage of food (sometimes in the form of a test meal) through the gastrointestinal tract as measured in minutes or hours. The rate of passage through the intestine is an indicator of small bowel function.

(12 Dec 1998)

gastrojejunal loop obstruction syndromemedical dictionary

<syndrome>

Preferred term: afferent loop syndrome

gastrojejunocolicmedical dictionary

Referring to the stomach, jejunum, and colon.

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrojejunostomymedical dictionary

<procedure>

<surgery> A surgical procedure where the stomach in surgically connected to the jejunum (small intestine). This may be performed in cases of obstructing cancers (for example pyloric carcinoma) of the gastrointestinal tract.

(27 Sep 1997)

gastrokinesographmedical dictionary

Synonyms: gastrograph.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Kinesis, motion, + graphe, a writing

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrolavagemedical dictionary

Lavage of the stomach.

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrolienalmedical dictionary

Synonyms: gastrosplenic.

Origin: Gastro-+ L. Lien, spleen

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrolienal ligamentmedical dictionary

<anatomy>

Preferred term: gastrosplenic ligament

<zoology> See Crab's eyes, under Crab.

Origin: Gastro- + -lith.

(01 Mar 1998)

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gastrolithiasismedical dictionary

Presence of one or more calculi in the stomach.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Lithos, stone + -iasis, condition

(05 Mar 2000)

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gastrologistmedical dictionary

<specialist>

A specialist in gastrology.

(05 Mar 2000)

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<study>

The science which treats of the structure and functions of the stomach; a treatise of the stomach.

Origin: Gr, stomach + discourse: cf. F. Gastrologie.

(01 Mar 1998)

Division of perigastric adhesions.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Lysis, loosening

(05 Mar 2000)

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gastromalaciamedical dictionary

<medicine> A softening of the coats of the stomach; usually a post-morten change.

Origin: NL, fr. Gr, stomach + softness, fr. Soft.

(01 Mar 1998)

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A kind of divination, by means of words seemingly uttered from the stomach.

A species of divination, by means of glasses or other round, transparent vessels, in the center of which figures are supposed to appear by magic art.

Origin: Gastro- + -mancy: cf. F. Gastromancy.

(01 Mar 1998)

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gastromegalymedical dictionary

<clinical sign>

1. Enlargement of the stomach.

2. Enlargement of the abdomen.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Megas (megal-), large

(05 Mar 2000)

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A condition in which an individual has a supernumerary limb attached to the abdomen.

See: conjoined twins.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Melos, a limb

(05 Mar 2000)

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<biology> The fungoid growths sometimes found in the stomach; such as Torula, etc.

Origin: NL, fr. Gr, stomach +, a fungus.

(01 Mar 1998)

One whose voice appears to proceed from the stomach; a ventriloquist.

Origin: Gastro- + Gr. To say, speak.

(01 Mar 1998)

gastromyxorrhoeamedical dictionary

Excessive secretion of mucus in the stomach.

Synonyms: myxorrhoea gastrica.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Myxa, mucus, + rhoia, a flow

American spelling: gastromyxorrhea

(05 Mar 2000)

gastronesteostomymedical dictionary

Synonyms: gastrojejunostomy.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Nestis, jejunum, + stoma, mouth

(05 Mar 2000)

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One fond of good living; an epicure.

Origin: F. Gastronome, fr. Gr, stomach + law, to distribute.

(01 Mar 1998)

gastro-oesophagealmedical dictionary

<anatomy> Pertaining to the stomach and oesophagus, as the gastro-oesophageal junction.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Oisophagos, gullet (oesophagus)

American spelling: gastroesophageal

(11 Mar 2009)

gastro-oesophageal herniamedical dictionary

A hiatal hernia into the thorax.

American spelling: gastroesophageal hernia

(05 Mar 2000)

gastro-oesophageal refluxmedical dictionary

The return of stomach contents back up into the oesophagus This frequently causes heartburn because of irritation of the oesophagus by stomach acid. gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can lead to scarring and stricture of the oesophagus, requiring stretching (dilating) of the oesophagus. 10% of patients with GERD develop Barrett's oesophagus which increases the risk of cancer of the oesophagus. 80% of patients with GERD also have a hiatal hernia.

American spelling: gastroesophageal reflux

(12 Dec 1998)

gastro-oesophageal reflux diseasemedical dictionary

<gastroenterology> A disorder where a backwash of gastric juices (acid) into the oesophagus lead to inflammation and pain.

Symptoms include heartburn, indigestion, increased belching and upper abdominal pain. Complications include oesophageal stricture.

Treatment is with antacids, H2 antagonists and proton pump inhibitors.

Synonyms: reflux oesophagitis.

American spelling: gastroesophageal reflux disease

(12 Jan 1998)

gastro-oesophageal vestibulemedical dictionary

The dilated aboral portion of the oesophagus, just above the cardiac orifice; usually it corresponds to the lumen of abdominal part of the oesophagus although its relation to the diaphragm is variable.

Synonyms: oesophagogastric vestibule.

American spelling: gastroesophageal vestibule

(05 Mar 2000)

gastro-oesophagitismedical dictionary

Inflammation of the stomach and oesophagus.

American spelling: gastroesophagitis

(05 Mar 2000)

gastro-oesophagostomymedical dictionary

Synonyms: oesophagogastrostomy.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Oisophagos, gullet (oesophagus), + stoma, mouth

American spelling: gastroesophagostomy

(05 Mar 2000)

gastro-omental arteriesmedical dictionary

Preferred term: gastroepiploic arteries

Conjoined twins united at the abdomen.

See: conjoined twins.

Origin: Gastro-+ -pagus

(05 Mar 2000)

gastropancreatic foldsmedical dictionary

The folds of peritoneum in the omental bursa that encase the hepatic and left gastric arteries as these vessels pass toward their destinations.

Synonyms: plicae gastropancreaticae.

(05 Mar 2000)

gastroparalysismedical dictionary

Paralysis of the muscular coat of the stomach.

(05 Mar 2000)

gastroparasitusmedical dictionary

Unequal conjoined twins in which the incomplete parasite is attached to, or within, the abdomen of the autosite.

See: conjoined twins.

(05 Mar 2000)

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gastroparesismedical dictionary

<gastroenterology> A condition where there is delayed stomach emptying (due abnormal gastric motility), often see as a complication of diabetes mellitus. Risk factors include diabetes, systemic sclerosis, previous vagotomy, previous gastrectomy, viceral neuropathy and the use of anticholinergic medications.

Symptoms include bloating, nausea, vomiting and constipation. Treatment include dietary modification and the use of cholinergic medications and metachlopromide.

(27 Sep 1997)

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gastropathicmedical dictionary

Denoting gastropathy.

(05 Mar 2000)

Any disease of the stomach.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Pathos, disease

Hypertrophic hypersecretory gastropathy, nodular thickenings of gastric mucosa with acid hypersecretion and frequently peptic ulceration, not associated with a gastrin-secreting tumour.

(05 Mar 2000)

<procedure>

Attachment of the stomach to the abdominal wall or diaphragm.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Pexis, fixation

(05 Mar 2000)

Gastrophilidaemedical dictionary

Preferred term: gasterophilidae

Gastrophilusmedical dictionary

Preferred term: gasterophilus

gastrophrenicmedical dictionary

<anatomy> Pertaining to the stomach and diaphragm; as, the gastrophrenic ligament.

Origin: Gastro- + -phrenic.

(01 Mar 1998)

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gastrophrenic ligamentmedical dictionary
gastroplastymedical dictionary

<procedure>

Surgical treatment of the stomach or lower oesophagus used to decrease the size of the stomach. The procedure is used mainly in the treatment of morbid obesity and to correct defects in the lower oesophagus or the stomach. Different procedures employed include vertical (mesh) banded gastroplasty, silicone elastomer ring vertical gastroplasty and horizontal banded gastroplasty.

(12 Dec 1998)

gastroplicationmedical dictionary

An operation for reducing the size of the stomach by suturing a longitudinal fold with the peritoneal surfaces in apposition.

Synonyms: gastroptyxis, gastrorrhaphy, stomach reefing.

Origin: Gastro-+ L. Plico, to fold

(05 Mar 2000)

gastropneumaticmedical dictionary

<anatomy> Pertaining to the alimentary canal and air passages, and to the cavities connected with them; as, the gastropneumatic mucuos membranes.

Origin: Gastro- + pneumatic.

(01 Mar 1998)

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gastropneumonicmedical dictionary

Synonyms: pneumogastric.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Pneumon, lung

(05 Mar 2000)

A member of the largest class of phylum Mollusca. Characteristics generally include: a foot upon which the rest of the body (called the visceral mass) sits, a well-developed head, a protective one-piece shell, and body torsion - where most of the visceral mass is twisted anticlockwise 180 degrees so that the back end of the animal is positioned over its head. The class includes the snails, slugs, sea hares, sea slugs, limpets, and abolone.Compare brachiopod.

(09 Oct 1997)

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<zoology> One of the classes of Mollusca, of great extent. It includes most of the marine spiral shells, and the land and fresh water snails. They generally creep by means of a flat, muscular disk, or foot, on the ventral side of the body. The head usually bears one or two pairs of tentacles. See Mollusca.

Alternative forms: Gasteropoda.

The Gastropoda are divided into three subclasses; viz., (a) The Streptoneura or Dioecia, including the Pectinibranchiata, Rhipidoglossa, Docoglossa, and Heteropoda. (b) The Euthyneura, including the Pulmonata and Opisthobranchia. (c) The Amphineura, including the Polyplacophora and Aplacophora.

Origin: NL, fr. Gr, stomach + -poda.

(01 Mar 1998)

gastropodousmedical dictionary

<zoology> Of or pertaining to the Gastropoda.

(01 Mar 1998)

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gastroptosismedical dictionary

Gastroptosia

Downward displacement of the stomach.

Synonyms: bathygastry, descensus ventriculi, ventroptosis, ventroptosia.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Ptosis, a falling

(05 Mar 2000)

gastroptyxismedical dictionary

Synonyms: gastroplication.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Ptyxis, a fold

(05 Mar 2000)

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gastropulmonarymedical dictionary

Preferred term: pneumogastric

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gastropylorectomymedical dictionary

<procedure>

Preferred term: pylorectomy

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gastropyloricmedical dictionary

Relating to the stomach as a whole and to the pylorus.

(05 Mar 2000)

<surgery> The operation of sewing up wounds of the abdomen.

Origin: Gr., stomach + a sewing, fr. To sew: cf. F. Gastrorrhaphie.

(01 Mar 1998)

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gastrorrhagiamedical dictionary

Haemorrhage from the stomach.

Synonyms: gastric haemorrhage.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Rhegnymi, to burst forth

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrorrhaphymedical dictionary

1. Suture of a perforation of the stomach.

Synonyms: gastroplication.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Rhaphe, a stitching

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrorrhexismedical dictionary

A tear or bursting of the stomach.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Rhexis, a bursting

(05 Mar 2000)

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gastrorrhoeamedical dictionary

Excessive secretion of gastric juice or of mucus (gastromyxorrhoea) by the stomach.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Rhoia, a flow

American spelling: gastrorrhea

(05 Mar 2000)

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gastroschisismedical dictionary

A defect in the abdominal wall resulting from rupture of the amniotic membrane during physiological gut-loop herniation or, later, owing to delayed umbilical ring closure; usually accompanied by protrusion of viscera.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Schisis, a fissure

(05 Mar 2000)

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<instrument>

An instrument for viewing or examining the interior of the stomach.

Origin: Gastro- + -scope.

(01 Mar 1998)

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gastroscopicmedical dictionary

Relating to gastroscopy.

(05 Mar 2000)

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<procedure>

<medicine> Examination of the abdomen or stomach, as with the gastroscope.

(01 Mar 1998)

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Spasmodic contraction of the walls of the stomach.

(05 Mar 2000)

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gastrospirillummedical dictionary

A genus of gram-negative, spiral-shaped bacteria that is pathogenic and has been isolated from the gastric mucosa of mammals, including humans.

(12 Dec 1998)

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gastrospirillum hominismedical dictionary

A species of gram-negative, spiral-shaped bacteria found in the gastric mucosa that is associated with chronic antral gastritis. This bacterium was first discovered in samples removed at endoscopy from patients investigated for helicobacter pylori colonization.

(12 Dec 1998)

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gastrosplenicmedical dictionary

<anatomy> Pertaining to the stomach and spleen; as, the gastrosplenic ligament.

Origin: Gastro- + splenic.

(01 Mar 1998)

gastrosplenic ligamentmedical dictionary

<anatomy> The portion of the greater omentum that lies between the greater curvature of the stomach and the hilum of the spleen.

Synonyms: ligamentum gastrosplenicum, ligamentum gastrolienale, gastrolienal ligament, gastrosplenic omentum.

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrosplenic omentummedical dictionary

Preferred term: gastrosplenic ligament

gastrostaxismedical dictionary

Rarely used term for oozing of blood from the mucous membrane of the stomach.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Staxis, trickling

(05 Mar 2000)

<zoology> One of the large scales on the belly of a serpent.

Origin: Gastro- + Gr. Roof.

(01 Mar 1998)

gastrostenosismedical dictionary

Diminution in size of the cavity of the stomach.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Stenosis, narrowing

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrostogavagemedical dictionary

Preferred term: gavage

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gastrostolavagemedical dictionary

Lavage of the stomach through a gastric fistula.

(05 Mar 2000)

<surgery> The operation of making a permanent opening into the stomach, for the introduction of food.

Origin: Gastro- + Gr. Mouth.

(01 Mar 1998)

gastrostomy tube insertionmedical dictionary

A surgical procedure to insert a tube into the stomach for purposes of nutrition. In this procedure, a small incision is made in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen while the patient is under general anaesthesia (can also be performed with a local anaesthetic). A thin flexible catheter is inserted into the stomach and then stitched in place.

(27 Sep 1997)

gastrothoracopagusmedical dictionary

Conjoined twins united at thorax and abdomen.

See: conjoined twins.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Thorax, chest, + pagos, something fixed

(05 Mar 2000)

A knife for incising the stomach.

(05 Mar 2000)

<procedure>

<surgery> A cutting into, or opening of, the abdomen or the stomach.

Origin: Gastro + Gr. To cut: cf. F. Gastrotomie.

(01 Mar 1998)

gastrotonometermedical dictionary

<instrument>

An apparatus used in gastrotonometry.

(05 Mar 2000)

gastrotonometrymedical dictionary

The measurement of intragastric pressure.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Tonos, tension, + metron, measure

(05 Mar 2000)

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Poisonous to the stomach.

(05 Mar 2000)

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A cytotoxin specific for the cells of the mucous membrane of the stomach.

(05 Mar 2000)

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gastrotrichamedical dictionary

<zoology> A group of small wormlike animals, having cilia on the ventral side. The group is regarded as an ancestral or synthetic one, related to rotifers and annelids.

Origin: NL, fr. Gr. Belly +, hair.

(01 Mar 1998)

gastrotrochamedical dictionary

<zoology> A form of annelid larva having cilia on the ventral side.

Origin: NL, fr. Gr, stomach + a wheel.

(01 Mar 1998)

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gastrotropicmedical dictionary

Affecting the stomach.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Tropikos, turning

(05 Mar 2000)

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gastrovascularmedical dictionary

<zoology> Having the structure, or performing the functions, both of digestive and circulatory organs; as, the gastrovascular cavity of coelenterates.

Origin: Gastro- + -vascular.

(01 Mar 1998)

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Rarely used term for gastroxynsis.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Oxys, keen, acid

(05 Mar 2000)

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gastroxynsismedical dictionary

Rarely used term for intermittent excessive secretion of the gastric juice.

Origin: Gastro-+ G. Oxyno, to make sharp, acid

(05 Mar 2000)

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