<prefix>

1. <chemistry> A combining form or prefix meaning elimination of one methylene group from a chain, the highest permissible locant being used; 2) contraction of a (steroid) ring by one CH2 unit, the locant being the capital letter identifying the ring. Elimination of two methylene groups is denoted by the prefix dinor-; three groups, by trinor-, etc.

2. Chemical prefix denoting "normal," i.e., unbranched chain of carbon atoms in aliphatic compounds, as opposed to branched with the same number of carbon atoms; e.g., norleucine, leucine.

(05 Mar 2000)

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