monkey malaria -->
simian malaria
medical dictionary

Plasmodial infection of monkeys and apes, as with human malaria, transmitted chiefly by anopheline mosquitoes; a number of Plasmodium species are responsible, with Southeast Asia and Africa being the apparent centres of evolution; among the 20 plasmodial agents described from nonhuman primates, some resemble and induce a malarial infection similar to those caused by the four species of Plasmodium from humans, from which the agents of human malaria appear to be derived.

Synonyms: monkey malaria.

(05 Mar 2000)