1. Elevated above any starting point of measurement, as a line, or surface; having altitude; lifted up; raised or extended in the direction of the zenith; lofty; tall; as, a high mountain, tower, tree; the sun is high.
Of great strength, force, importance, and the like; strong; mighty; powerful; violent; sometimes, triumphant; victorious; majestic, etc.; as, a high wind; high passions. "With rather a high manner." "Strong is thy hand, and high is thy right hand." (Ps. Lxxxix. 13) "Can heavenly minds such high resentment show?" (Dryden)
Arrogant; lofty; boastful; proud; ostentatious; used in a bad sense." "An high look and a proud heart . . . Is sin." (Prov. Xxi. 4) "His forces, after all the high discourses, amounted really but to eighteen hundred foot." (Clarendon)
3. Possessing a characteristic quality in a supreme or superior degree; as, high (i. E, intense) heat; high (i. E, full or quite) noon; high (i. E, rich or spicy) seasoning; high (i. E, complete) pleasure; high (i. E, deep or vivid) colour; high (i. E, extensive, thorough) scholarship, etc. "High time it is this war now ended were." (Spenser) "High sauces and spices are fetched from the Indies." (Baker)
6. Made with a high position of some part of the tongue in relation to the palate, as e (eve), oo (food). High admiral, the chief admiral. High altar, the principal altar in a church. High and dry, out of water; out of reach of the current or tide; said of a vessel, aground or beached. High and mighty arrogant; overbearing. High art, art which deals with lofty and dignified subjects and is characterised by an elevated style avoiding all meretricious display. High bailiff, the chief bailiff. High Church, and Low Church, two ecclesiastical parties in the Church of England and the Protestant Episcopal Church. The high-churchmen emphasize the doctrine of the apostolic succession, and hold, in general, to a sacramental presence in the Eucharist, to baptismal regeneration, and to the sole validity of Episcopal ordination. They attach much importance to ceremonies and symbols in worship. Low-churchmen lay less stress on these points, and, in many instances, reject altogether the peculiar tenets of the high-church school. See Broad Church. High constable, the open sea; the part of the ocean not in the territorial waters of any particular sovereignty, usually distant three miles or more from the coast line. High steam, steam having a high pressure. High steward, the chief steward. High tea, tea with meats and extra relishes. High tide, the greatest flow of the tide; high water. High time. Quite time; full time for the occasion. A time of great excitement or enjoyment; a carousal. High treason, treason against the sovereign or the state, the highest civil offense. See Treason.
It is now sufficient to speak of high treason as treason simply, seeing that petty treason, as a distinct offense, has been abolished. High water, the utmost flow or greatest elevation of the tide; also, the time of such elevation. High-water mark. That line of the seashore to which the waters ordinarily reach at high water. A mark showing the highest level reached by water in a river or other body of fresh water, as in time of freshet.
<botany> High-water shrub, a composite shrub (Iva frutescens), growing in salt marshes along the Atlantic coast of the United States. High wine, distilled spirits containing a high percentage of alcohol; usually in the plural. To be on a high horse, to be on one's dignity; to bear one's self loftily. With a high hand. With power; in force; triumphantly. "The children of Israel went out with a high hand." In an overbearing manner, arbitrarily. "They governed the city with a high hand." .
Origin: OE. High, hegh, hey, heh, AS. Heah, hh; akin to OS. Hh, OFries. Hag, hach, D. Hoog, OHG. Hh, G. Hoch, Icel. Hr, Sw. Hog, Dan. Hoi, Goth. Hauhs, and to Icel. Haugr mound, G. Hugel hill, Lith. Kaukaras.
(01 Mar 1998)
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