<computer programming> 1. In functional programming, a Boolean expression attached to a function definition specifying when (for what arguments) that definition is appropriate.

2. In (parallel) logic programming, a Boolean expression which is used to select a clause from several alternative matching clauses.

See Guarded Horn Clauses.

3. In parallel languages, a Boolean expression which specifies when an message may be sent or received.

(01 Mar 1995)

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1. One who, or that which, guards from injury, danger, exposure, or attack; defense; protection. "His greatness was no guard to bar heaven's shaft." (Shak)

2. A man, or body of men, stationed to protect or control a person or position; a watch; a sentinel. "The guard which kept the door of the king's house." Kings xiv. 27.

3. One who has charge of a mail coach or a railway train; a conductor.

4. Any fixture or attachment designed to protect or secure against injury, soiling, or defacement, theft or loss; as: That part of a sword hilt which protects the hand.

Ornamental lace or hem protecting the edge of a garment.

A chain or cord for fastening a watch to one's person or dress.

A fence or rail to prevent falling from the deck of a vessel.

An extension of the deck of a vessel beyond the hull; especially, in side-wheel steam vessels, the framework of strong timbers, which curves out on each side beyond the paddle wheel, and protects it and the shaft against collision.

A plate of metal, beneath the stock, or the lock frame, of a gun or pistol, having a loop, called a bow, to protect the trigger.

An interleaved strip at the back, as in a scrap book, to guard against its breaking when filled.

5. A posture of defense in fencing, and in bayonet and saber exercise.

6. An expression or admission intended to secure against objections or censure. "They have expressed themselves with as few guards and restrictions as I." (Atterbury)

7. Watch; heed; care; attention; as, to keep guard.

8. <zoology> The fibrous sheath which covers the phragmacone of the Belemnites.

Guard is often used adjectively or in combination; as, guard boat or guardboat; guardroom or guard room; guard duty. Advanced guard, Coast guard, etc. See Advanced, Coast, etc. Grand guard, one of the posts of the second line belonging to a system of advance posts of an army. Guard boat. A boat appointed to row the rounds among ships of war in a harbor, to see that their officers keep a good lookout. A boat used by harbor authorities to enforce the observance of quarantine regulations.

<botany> Guard cells, to go on duty as a guard or sentinel. To run the guard, to pass the watch or sentinel without leave.

Synonyms: Defense, shield, protection, safeguard, convoy, escort, care, attention, watch, heed.

Origin: OF. Guarde, F. Garde; of German origin; cf. OHG. Wart, marto, one who watches, mata a watching, Goth. Wardja watchman. See Guard.

(01 Mar 1998)

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