guanylyl cyclase -->
guanylate cyclase
medical dictionary

<enzyme>

<cell biology> That is responsible for catalysing the synthesis of guanosine 3', 5' cyclic monophosphate from guanosine 5' triphosphate (cyclic GMP cGMP) is used as a second messenger in heart muscle and photoreceptor cells). Plasma membrane form of guanylate cyclase is Integral membrane proteins with an extracellular receptor for peptide hormones, a transmembrane domain, a protein kinase like domain and a guanylate cyclase domain.

Examples: sea urchin receptors for speract and resact and atrial natriuretic peptide receptors. Two soluble forms of guanylate cyclase are also known they are heterodimers of highly related subunits, 70-80 kD.

This entry appears with permission from the Dictionary of Cell and Molecular Biology

(11 Mar 2008)