granular layer of cerebellummedical dictionary

The deepest of the three layers of the cortex; it contains large numbers of granule cells, the dendrites of which synapse with incoming mossy fibres in cerebellar glomeruli. Thin, unmyelinated axons of granule cells ascend perpendicularly into the molecular layer in which they bifurcate into fibres coursing parallel to the long axis of the cerebellar folia. Parallel fibres form numerous synapses with the dendrites of Purkinje cells, basket cells, and stellate cells.

Synonyms: stratum granulosum cerebelli, granular layer of cerebellar cortex.

(05 Mar 2000)