gastro-oesophageal refluxmedical dictionary

The return of stomach contents back up into the oesophagus This frequently causes heartburn because of irritation of the oesophagus by stomach acid. gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can lead to scarring and stricture of the oesophagus, requiring stretching (dilating) of the oesophagus. 10% of patients with GERD develop Barrett's oesophagus which increases the risk of cancer of the oesophagus. 80% of patients with GERD also have a hiatal hernia.

American spelling: gastroesophageal reflux

(12 Dec 1998)