There are four primary forces known presently: the gravitational, electromagnetic, weak nuclear, and strong nuclear forces. The gravitational and electromagnetic forces are long-range (dropping as 1/distance^2), while the nuclear forces are short range (effective only within nuclei, distances on the order of 10^-15 metres). The electromagnetic force is much stronger than the gravitational force, but is generally cancelled over large distances because of the balance of positive and negative charges.
(04 Apr 1998)
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