In bacteria, a whiplike motility appendage present on the surface of some species. Flagella are composed of a protein called flagellin. Bacteria can have a single flagellum, a tuft at one pole, or multiple flagella covering the entire surface. In eukaryotes, flagella are threadlike protoplasmic extensions used to propel flagellates and sperm. Flagella have the same basic structure as cilia but are longer in proportion to the cell bearing them and present in much smaller numbers.

(12 Dec 1998)

Flack's node, flag, flag, flag day < Prev | Next > flagellant, flagellar, flagellar agglutinin

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