1. To rush and press with violence; to move furiously. "Fierce Boreas drove against his flying sails." (Dryden) "Under cover of the night and a driving tempest." (Prescott) "Time driveth onward fast, And in a little while our lips are dumb." (Tennyson)
2. To be forced along; to be impelled; to be moved by any physical force or agent; to be driven. "The hull drives on, though mast and sail be torn." (Byron) "The chaise drives to Mr. Draper's chambers." (Thackeray)
1. To impel or urge onward by force in a direction away from one, or along before one; to push forward; to compel to move on; to communicate motion to; as, to drive cattle; to drive a nail; smoke drives persons from a room. "A storm came on and drove them into Pylos." (Jowett (Thucyd)) "Shield pressed on shield, and man drove man along." (Pope) "Go drive the deer and drag the finny prey." (Pope)
2. To urge on and direct the motions of, as the beasts which draw a vehicle, or the vehicle borne by them; hence, also, to take in a carriage; to convey in a vehicle drawn by beasts; as, to drive a pair of horses or a stage; to drive a person to his own door. "How . . . Proud he was to drive such a brother!" (Thackeray)
3. To urge, impel, or hurry forward; to force; to constrain; to urge, press, or bring to a point or state; as, to drive person by necessity, by persuasion, by force of circumstances, by argument, and the like. " Enough to drive one mad." "He, driven to dismount, threatened, if I did not do the like, to do as much for my horse as fortune had done for his." (Sir P. Sidney)
Drive, in all its senses, implies forcible or violent action. It is the reverse of to lead. To drive a body is to move it by applying a force behind; to lead is to cause to move by applying the force before, or in front. It takes a variety of meanings, according to the objects by which it is followed; as, to drive an engine, to direct and regulate its motions; to drive logs, to keep them in the current of a river and direct them in their course; to drive feathers or down, to place them in a machine, which, by a current of air, drives off the lightest to one end, and collects them by themselves. "My thrice-driven bed of down."
Origin: AS. Drifan; akin to OS. Driban, D. Drijven, OHG. Triban, G. Treiben, Icel. Drifa, Goth. Dreiban. Cf. Drift, Drove.
(01 Mar 1998)
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