1. To increase by adding an equal number, quantity, length, value, or the like; multiply by two; to double a sum of money; to double a number, or length. "Double six thousand, and then treble that." (Shak)
2. To make of two thicknesses or folds by turning or bending together in the middle; to fold one part upon another part of; as, to double the leaf of a book, and the like; to clinch, as the fist; often followed by up; as, to double up a sheet of paper or cloth. "Then the old man Was wroth, and doubled up his hands." (Tennyson)
Origin: OE. Doblen, dublen, doublen, F. Doubler, fr. L. Duplare, fr. Duplus. See Double.
2. Among compositors, a doublet (see Doublet.
5. Something precisely equal or counterpart to another; a counterpart. Hence, a wraith. "My charming friend . . . Has, I am almost sure, a double, who preaches his afternoon sermons for him." (Atlantic Monthly)
1. Twofold; multiplied by two; increased by its equivalent; made twice as large or as much, etc. "Let a double portion of thy spirit be upon me." (2 Kings II. 9) "Darkness and tempest make a double night." (Dryden)
4. <botany> Having the petals in a flower considerably increased beyond the natural number, usually as the result of cultivation and the expense of the stamens, or stamens and pistils. The white water lily and some other plants have their blossoms naturally double.
Double is often used as the first part of a compound word, generally denoting two ways, or twice the number, quantity, force, etc, twofold, or having two. Double base, or Double bass . Same as Double-quick. Double window, a window having two sets of glazed sashes with an air space between them.
Origin: OE. Doble, duble, double, OF. Doble, duble, double, F. Double, fr. L. Duplus, fr. The root of duo two, and perh. That of plenus full; akin to Gr. Double. See Two, and Full, and cf. Diploma, Duple.
(01 Mar 1998)
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