criterion-based assessment -->
criterion-referenced assessment
education dictionary

<assessment> An assessment where an individual's performance is compared to a specific learning objective or performance standard and not to the performance of other students. This is distinguished from those interpretations that are made in relation to the performance of others.

This approach tells us how well students are performing on specific goals or standards rather that just telling how their performance compares to a normal group of students nationally or locally.

In criterion-referenced assessments, it is possible that none, or all, of the examinees will reach a particular goal or performance standard.

Examples of criterion-referenced interpretations include comparison to cut scores, interpretations based on expectancy tables, and domain-referenced score interpretations.

(07 Mar 2006)