Parkinson, Jamesbiographical dictionary


<neurology> An This English physician is chiefly remembered for his 66-page "Essay on the Shaking Palsy" (first edition is valued at 10,000) which was published in 1817 and is a classic account of paralysis agitans (Parkinson's Disease).

Parkinson explained that the intellect was uninjured, but motor power was decreased and the body was bent forward with the fingers tremoring, simulating a "pill-rolling action. James Parkinson gave a good description in the 1812 Medical Chirurgical Transactions of acute appendicitis, titled "A Case of Diseased Appendix Vermiformis."

Parkinson authored many political pamphlets on reform and was a political agitator, yet he also was a geologist and paleontologist. His text, "Organic Remains of a Former World" is illustrated with fossil plants and animals.

Lived: 1755-1824.

(11 Mar 2008)