<drug, growth factor, hormone>

<endocrinology> A polypeptide hormone (bovine insulin, 5780D) found in both vertebrates and invertebrates.

Secreted by the _ cells of the pancreas in response to high blood sugar levels, it induces hypoglycaemia. Defective secretion of insulin is the cause of diabetes mellitus. Insulin is also a mitogen, has sequence homologies with other growth factors and is a frequent addition to cell culture media for demanding cell types.

This entry appears with permission from the Dictionary of Cell and Molecular Biology

(11 Mar 2008)

insulate, insulated, insulation, insulator < Prev | Next > insulin activating factor, insulinaemia

Bookmark with: icon icon icon icon iconword visualiser Go and visit our forums Community Forums