Pertaining to Holland, or to its inhabitants. Dutch auction. See Auction. Dutch cheese, a small, pound, hard cheese, made from skim milk. Dutch clinker, a kind of brick made in Holland. It is yellowish, very hard, and long and narrow in shape.

<botany> Dutch clover, a species of horsetail rush or Equisetum (E. Hyemale) having a rough, siliceous surface, and used for scouring and polishing; called also scouring rush, and shave grass. See Equisetum. Dutch tile, a glazed and painted ornamental tile, formerly much exported, and used in the jambs of chimneys and the like.

Dutch was formerly used for German. "Germany is slandered to have sent none to this war [the Crusades] at this first voyage; and that other pilgrims, passing through that country, were mocked by the Dutch, and called fools for their pains." (Fuller)

Origin: D. Duitsch German; or G. Deutsch, orig, popular, national, OD. Dietsc, MHG. Diutsch, tiutsch, OHG. Diutisk, fr. Diot, diota, a people, a nation; akin to AS. Peod, OS. Thiod, thioda, Goth. Piuda; cf. Lith. Tauta land, OIr. Tuath people, Oscan touto. The English have applied the name especially to the Germanic people living nearest them, the Hollanders. Cf. Derrick, Teutonic.

(01 Mar 1998)

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