Dejerine-Sottas diseasemedical dictionary

A familial type of demyelinating sensorimotor polyneuropathy that begins in early childhood and is slowly progressive; clinically characterised by foot pain and paresthesias, followed by symmetrical weakness and wasting of the distal limbs; one of the causes of stork legs; patients are wheelchair bound at an early age; peripheral nerves are palpably enlarged and non-tender; pathologically, onion bulb formation is seen in the nerves: whorls of overlapping, intertwined Schwann cell processes that encircle bare axons; usually autosomal recessive inheritance.

Synonyms: Dejerine's disease, progressive hypertrophic polyneuropathy.

(05 Mar 2000)