|bohm diffusion||medical dictionary|
Semiempirical formula for the diffusion coefficient given by Bohm in 1946 (noted by Bohm, Burhop, and Massey, who were developing a magnetic arc for use in uranium isotope separation). Bohm diffusion was proposed (not derived from first principles) to scale as 1/B rather than the 1/B^2 scaling predicted by classical diffusion. A 1/B scaling results from assuming that particles diffuse across field lines at an optimum rate (effective collision frequency=cyclotron frequency). The 1/B scaling is observed (approximately) in most reactors.
(09 Oct 1997)
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